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Arduino Project: Rotary Encoder

Posted by Fiona Su on

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Introduction:
The rotary encoder can count the pulse outputting times during the process of its rotation in positive and reverse direction by rotating. This rotating counting is unlimited, not like potential counting. It can be restored to initial state to count from 0 with the button on rotary encoder.
Hardware Required:

  • Arduino Board *1
  • USB Cable *1
  • Rotary Encoder *1
  • Red M5 LED*2
  • 220Ω Resistor *2
  • 10KΩ resistor*2
  • Breadboard*1
  • Breadboard Jumper Wire*9

Connection for REV4:

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Connection for Arduino Mega 2560 R3:

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Sample Code:

const int interruptA = 0;       
const int interruptB = 1;       
int CLK = 2;     // PIN2
int DAT = 3;     // PIN3
int BUTTON = 4;  // PIN4
int LED1 = 5;    // PIN5
int LED2 = 6;    // PIN6
int COUNT = 0;

void setup() 
 {
  attachInterrupt(interruptA, RoteStateChanged, FALLING);
 // attachInterrupt(interruptB, buttonState, FALLING);
  pinMode(CLK, INPUT); 
  digitalWrite(2, HIGH);  // Pull High Restance  
  pinMode(DAT, INPUT); 
  digitalWrite(3, HIGH);  // Pull High Restance 
  pinMode(BUTTON, INPUT); 
  digitalWrite(4, HIGH);  // Pull High Restance
  pinMode(LED1, OUTPUT); 
  pinMode(LED2, OUTPUT); 
   Serial.begin(9600);
 }

void loop() 
{
  if  (!(digitalRead(BUTTON))) 
    {
     COUNT = 0;  
     Serial.println("STOP COUNT = 0");
     digitalWrite(LED1, LOW);
     digitalWrite(LED2, LOW);
     delay (2000);
    }
     Serial.println(COUNT);  
}

//-------------------------------------------
void RoteStateChanged() //When CLK  FALLING READ DAT
{
 if  (digitalRead(DAT)) // When DAT = HIGH IS FORWARD
   {
    COUNT++;
    digitalWrite(LED1, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(LED2, LOW);
    delay(20);
   }
 else                   // When DAT = LOW IS BackRote
   {
    COUNT--;
    digitalWrite(LED2, HIGH);
    digitalWrite(LED1, LOW);
    delay(20);
   }
}

Result:
Rotate the encoder, you can control the on and off of the two LEDs. 

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